Learn more about Florida’s celebrated creature.
There’s a lot to learn about the majestic manatee, so take a look at some of the resources we’ve gathered to help you get even more familiar with one of Florida’s most protected and revered species.
In the Kings Bay and Crystal River areas, the Florida manatee is the main species that roams these water. Although present year-round, this population is at its highest between November and March. The Florida manatee is a subspecies of the West Indian manatee, and can be found not only in Crystal River, but all along the southeasten seaboard from South Carolina to as far south as Cuba.
There’s a lot to learn about this loveable sea creature, so here are a few quick and facts about manatees:
- Depending on the species, the average manatee can weigh anywhere between 800 to 1,200 pounds. The largest manatee ever recorded weighed nearly 3,650 pounds, and measured about 15 feet long.
- Manatees prefer a meat-free diet, and eat about 10 to 15 percent of their body weight in vegetation every day. For example, a 2,000-pound manatee would more than likely eat about 200 to 250 pounds of food a day.
- Aside from the native Florida manatee, other species include the West African manatee, Amazonian manatee, and the dugong.
- Manatees do not have gills, which means they need to surface periodically for air. When active, manatees will surface every 30 seconds or so, but while resting, a manatee can stay underwater for up to 30 minutes.
- Being gentle, social creatures, manatees can travel in groups of 2-3, or as many as 100 if it’s migration or mating seasons.
- Because most manatee species have no natural predators, their lifespan averages around 60 years. The oldest living manatee is “Snooty” , who was born on July 21, 1948, and is living in captivity in Bradenton.
Ever since the The Florida Manatee Recovery Plan was developed in in 1989, several local, state and federal government agencies have worked tirelessly to help increase and strengthen Florida’s manatee populations.
Recently, manatees were moved from “endangered” to “threatened” on the IUCN List of Endangered Species, but humans still pose a major threat to the manatee’s livelihood. Here are some ways in which you can help increase conservation efforts:
- Supporting research addressing biology, mortality, population and distribution, behavior, and habitat of manatees.
- Abiding the regulatory speed signs and levying of fines for excess speeds in designated areas.
- Manatee education and public awareness programs.
- Public support and acquisition of critical habitats and the creation of sanctuaries